In Kenya Technical and Vocational Education plays a vital role in human resource development.
This is achieved by creating skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the
quality of life. However, the term Technical Education (TE) and Vocational Training (VT) are sometimes
used synonymously but for the purpose of this proposal , TE refers to post-secondary courses of study which
is practical training aimed at preparing technicians to work as supervisory staff. VT refers to lower level
education and training for the population of skilled or semi-skilled workers in various trades. RMG Foundation
will focus on both VT and TE.
The proposed T/VET approach decided mutually by the Foundation Board members, partners and other strategic stakeholders include:
- Inculcation of social values in youth during the period of the training.
- Providing vocational skills to youths in trades with established market demand.
- The Vocational training courses period will include 3 months, 6 months and one year respectively.
Project activities for this intervention will include: Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM).
INRM starts with communities taking action to deal with adverse practices and dynamics of natural resources.
It engages their ideas, experience, values and capabilities on behalf of resource conservation objectives,
at the same time it seeks ways for communities to become better remunerated and better served.
Focus will be placed on soil and water conservation, watershed management, tree planting and management, forest protection, water source protection and agro-forestry.
- Direct support from RMG will include mentoring trailblazer’s and forestry little environment ambassador’s.
- Construction of productive physical infrastructure for water catchment protection.
- Training in leadership and management and group formation to enhance capacity in watershed management.
This support will be directed through the CBOs, Water User Associations (WUAs), catchment committees and Farmers Schools as appropriate, with the Ministries of Agriculture, Rural Development, Kenya Forestry Services, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and technology (JKUAT) and Environment and Natural Resources provide personnel for training.
The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) will be used in the identification, formulation, design and implementation
of interventions under this programme. SLA is a people-centered conceptual framework starting with indigenous knowledge and
wholly involving people in planning, monitoring, and evaluation of effective programs for poverty alleviation.
The process involves closely examining assets of the people, namely:
- Natural capital: land, forests, marine/wild resources, water, air quality, biodiversity
- Financial capital: savings, earned income, pensions, remittances
- Physical capital: affordable transport, roads, irrigation, telecommunication, water and sanitation
- Social capital: networks, member of formal groups
- Human capital: the quality of training and education in terms of skills acquired and competencies etc.
These assets are examined in the context of vulnerability brought about by shocks, trends and seasonality in terms of pandemics;
Human, crop and livestock, natural, economic, conflict;
Population, governance, technology, national/international economic situations;
Prices, production, health, employment opportunities. Also considered are overriding structures and processes:
- Public sector: laws, courts, government agencies
- Private sector: NGOs, membership organizations, commercial enterprises
Policies for new legislation, Institutions: markets, rules to regulate access to natural resources.
societal norms and beliefs, power relations: age, gender, class, tribe SLA improves understanding of the complex and interrelated causes of poverty, ensuring that the needs addressed in activities are those that have the greatest impact in contributing to sustainable livelihoods.
Project interventions in this program will include:
1. Gender Awareness creation
The main strategy will involve strengthening capacity of community resource people (men, women, boys and girls) to continuously facilitate gender awareness creation through various structures; schools, community based organizations, children and youth groups and government structures. The resource people will include key decision-makers, particularly community leaders who can challenge the status-quo in a culturally sensitive manner and who can act as advocates for gender equality.
2. Women Economic Empowerment
Poverty is a key factor that perpetuates gender inequality. Without a reliable means of livelihood, many women in both Counties can be forced to engage in prostitution for survival. Supporting women to access income generation opportunities is critical strategy for both poverty reduction and promotion of gender equality. The main strategy of this component is Village Savings and Loans (VS&L) system or Sacco’s whose main principle is that members of self-selected group form and VS&L Association and save money in the form of shares. The savings is invested in a Loan Fund from which they can borrow, and repay with a small service charge added. The primary purpose is to provide simple savings and loan facilities in a community with no access to formal financial services. Loans will provide a form of self-insurance to members, supplemented by a Social Fund which will provide small but important and no-cost loans to members in financial distress.